Geiriadur i Dysgwyr

Geiriadur i Ddysgwyr: Ar-lein / Dictionary for Learners: Online

This reference guide contains over 1600 common words. To support those new to the language, the most common words also have a pronunciation guide. Under the English word is the Welsh word on the left, with the approximate pronunciation using English sounds to the right. The stressed sound is underlined. For a fuller explanation, click the ‘How to Use This Guide’ button below. Full credit for the content goes to Mark Stonelake.

How to Use This Guide

All | A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y
There are 85 names in this directory beginning with the letter D.
daffodil
cenhinen Bedr (b)

damage
difrod, divrod

damage (to)
difrodi, divrodee

danger
peryg

dart (to)
gwibio

day school
ysgol undydd, uhssgol eendeedd

day/days (with numbers)
diwrnod, dwurnod

dearly beloved...
caredigion..., karedigyon

death
marwolaeth (b), marwoleth

declaration
datganiad

decoration(s)
addurn(iadau)

deepest
dwysaf, doo-eessav

defend from (to)
amddiffyn rhag

definite
pendant

delay (to)
oedi

delete (to)
dileu

delighted (we)
wrth ein bodd, oorth yn bôdd

delighted/in my element
wrth fy modd, wrth um môdd

demand/insist (to)
mynnu, munee

deny (to)
gwadu, gwahdee

depend (on) (to)
dibynnu (ar), dibunee

deputy
dirprwy, dirproo-ee

desecrate (to)
halogi

desert
anialwch, anyalooch

deserve (to)
haeddu

despair (to)
anobeithio

despite that
er hynny, ehr hunee

despite/in spite of
er gwaetha(f), ehr gweethah

destroy (to)
dinistrio

destroy/to scatter (to)
chwalu

deteriorate (to)
dirywio

diabolical
cythreulig

diarrhoea
dolur rhydd, dohlir rheedd

diary
dyddiadur, duddyadir

different
gwahanol, gwah-han-ol

difficulty
anhawster

dig the garden (to)
palu'r ardd, paleer ardd

dignified
urddasol

diligent
diwyd

dining room
ystafell fwyta, 'stavell vittah

directions
cyfarwyddiadau

director
cyfarwyddwr, kuvarwiddoor

disabled
anabl, anabl

disadvantage(s)
anfantais (anfanteision)

disagree (to)
anghytuno, anghuteenoh

disappear
diflannu, divlanee

disaster(s)
trychineb(au)

discover (to)
darganfod, darganvod

discovery
darganfyddiad

discovery/perception
canfyddiad

discriminate (to)
gwahaniaethu

discussion
trafodaeth (b)

disease
clefyd

disgusting
ffiaidd

dishwasher (machine)
peiriant golchi llestri, pie-ryant golchee

disillusionment
dadrithiad

disorganised
anhrefnus/di-drefn, anhrevniss

display (to)
arddangos

Dissolution of the Monasteries
Diddymur Mynachlogydd

distribute (to)
dosbarthu

ditch
ffos (b)

diverting
difyr

divorce (a)
ysgariad, uss-gar-yad

document
dogfen (b), dogven

documentary
rhaglen ddogfen, rhaglen ddogven

dog mess
baw cun

dose
dogn

downhearted
digalon

download (to)
lawr lwytho

downstairs
lawr llawr/lawr staer, lawr stâr

draw attention to (to)
tynnu sylw at

drawer
drâr/drôr, drâr/drôr

dream (a)
breuddwyd, bri-ddoo-eed

drink(s)
diod(ydd) (b)

driver
gyrrwr, gurroor

drover(s)
porthmon (porthmyn)

drown (to)
boddi, boddee

drug(s)
cyffur(iau)

druid
derwydd

drunk
meddw, meddoo

duck(s)
hwyaden (b) (hwyaid), hoo-ee-aden

duel/contest
gornest (b), gornest

during
yn ystod

duty
dyletswydd (b), duletsoo-eedd

dyke
clawdd


Pronunciation Guide

In Welsh words the stress usually falls on the last but one syllable (a syllable is a unit of sound). Putting stress on a syllable means lengthening the sound with more emphasis in the voice.

For example, people with a Welsh accent would pronounce the surname Meredith as Mer-ed-ith, with the last sound but one ‘ed’ stressed. People with an English accent would tend to put equal weight on all three syllables – Mer-ed-ith.

If the stress falls on the last syllable of a Welsh word it is usually marked by an accent e.g. carafán. There are very few words like this in Welsh.

Try saying these words: – canol – canolfan. The stress moves on each time a unit of sound or syllable is added.

Abbreviations used

(adj) adjective- a describing word
(b) benywaidd – feminine (noun)
(col) colloquial– a word used in one area of Wales
(au) ….(s) plurals e.g. shop(s) – siop(au)
adre(f) (f) not pronounced
{rhed} root/stem of the verb e.g. rhedeg {rhed-}
(t.ll.) treiglad llaes – the word causes an aspirate mutation
(t.t.) treiglad trwynol – the word causes a nasal mutation
(t.m.) treiglad meddal – the word causes a soft mutation
(adj.) adjective
….(to) verb e.g. talk (to) – to talk
(tag) tags are short questions that we put on the end of sentences such as ‘…isn’t it?’
N.W. a word used in North Wales
S.W. a word used in South Wales

Further resources

For a complete learner’s dictionary I recommend Heini Gruffudd’s Welsh Learner’s Dictionary, and for a comprehensive online dictionary go to Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru.

Y diweddaraf oddi wrth Resources