About Wales- Flags of Wales

About Wales: Baneri Cymru / Flags of Wales

What is the official flag of Wales?

The official Welsh flag is called in Welsh Baner Cymru (The Flag of Wales) or Y Ddraig Goch (The Red Dragon), and consists of a red dragon passant on a green and white field.

The 'heraldic charge' (the red dragon), comes from Cadwaladr, King of Gwynedd, and has no standardised representation, so that there are many different versions. It was further used by Owain Glyndŵr in 1400 as his standard and as a revolutionary symbol. The green and white colours come from the House of Tudor. In 1485, Henry Tudor (the future King Henry VII) used a version of the current flag at the Battle of Bosworth. It became the official flag of Wales in 1959.

What is St David's Flag?

St David's flag (a yellow cross on a black field) is used as the emblem of the Diocese of St David's and is flown on St David's Day. It has recently been adopted as a symbol of Welsh nationalism, and by various organisations which say they feel the official flag of Wales is unsatisfactory.

Why is there no Welsh emblem in the Union Flag?

The Laws in Wales Act (1535) was the law which annexed Wales to England, and at this time the Cross of St George (the red cross on a white background) was adopted for the 'Kingdom of England' (which, by the Act, then legally included Wales). When the first 'Union Flag' was created in 1606, it incorporated elements from the flag of Scotland (the Saltire or Saint Andrew's Cross: a white X-cross on a blue background), and that of England (taken together with Wales). In 1801 the current Union Flag (commonly called the Union Jack) was created, incorporating a further element to represent Ireland (the Saltire of St Patrick: a red X-cross on a white background). So, for historical and political reasons going back to the time of Henry VIII, Wales has no separate representation in the Union Flag.

Baner Cymru (1959 ymlaen) / Flag of Wales (1959 to present)

Flag of Wales (1959–present)

Baner Cymru / Flag of Wales (1807–1953)

Flag of Wales (1807–1953)

Baner Dewi Sant / Flag of Saint David

Flag of Saint David

Baneri Brenhinol / Royal flags:

Owain Glyndŵr

Glyndwr's Banner

House of Mathrafal - Powys Wenwynwyn

Flag of Powys

House of Dinefwr and the Kingdom of Deheubarth

Flag of Deheubarth

Llywelyn ap Gruffudd

Alternative Flag of Gwynedd

Madog ap Gruffudd Maelor

Flag of Powys Fadog

Llywelyn the Great, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd and Owain Lawgoch

Flag of Gwynedd

Siroedd traddodiadol / Traditional counties:

Sir Fôn / Anglesey

Flag of Anglesey

Sir Gaernarfon/ Caernarfonshire

Flag of Caernarfonshire

Ceredigion / Cardiganshire

Flag of Ceredigion


Glamorgan Flag


Flag of Merionethshire

Sir Fonwy / Monmouthshire

Flag of Monmouthshire


Flag of Montgomeryshire

Sir Fflint / Flintshire

Flag of Flintshire

Sir Benfro / Pembrokeshire

Flag of Pembrokeshire

Mwy o wybodaeth / More information: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Welsh_flags

Mapiau o Gymru

Y diweddaraf oddi wrth Am Gymru

About Wales

About Wales

What are some common symbols used to represent Wales, and why are