Mae tair ffordd o ddweud ‘that’ yn y Gymraeg– taw/mai, y, bod

Taw / Mai 'That' gyda chymalau pwysleisiol neu ‘that’ gyda'r radd eithaf

Dw i’n dda           Dw i’n credu (fy) mod i’n dda
I am good            I think that I am good.

There are three ways to say ‘that’ - taw/mai, y, bod.

Taw/Mai      ‘that’ with emphatic clauses/superlative degree

Dw i’n dda.                          Dw i’n credu (fy) mod i’n dda.
I am good.                           I think that I am good.

Fi yw’r gorau       Dw i’n credu taw fi yw’r gorau.  (y radd eithaf)
I’m the best           I think that I am the best.

Mae e’n dal.                         Dw i’n siwr (ei) fod e’n dal.
He is tall.                              I’m sure that he is tall.

Fe yw’r tala.                       Dw i’n siwr taw fe yw’r tala.  (superlative)
He is the tallest.                  I’m sure that he is the tallest.

Os byddwn ni'n newid trefn reolaidd y geiriau (gan amlaf i bwysleisio rhan o'r frawddeg), byddwn ni'n defnyddio 'taw' (yn Ne Cymru yn enwedig (i gynrychioli'r gair cysylltiol 'that' yn Saesneg.

* Bydd pobl yn defnyddio 'mai' yn lle 'taw' yng ngogledd Cymru, a phan byddan nhw'n ysgrifennu'n ffurfiol.

Fi yw’r gorau.                    Dw i’n credu taw fi yw’r gorau.  (superlative)
I’m the best.                         I think that I am the best.

Mae e’n dal.                         Dw i’n siwr (ei) fod e’n dal.
He is tall.                              I’m sure that he is tall.

Fe yw’r tala.                        Dw i’n siwr taw fe yw’r tala.  (superlative)
He is the tallest.                  I’m sure that he is the tallest.

If the normal Welsh word order of the sentence is changed (mostly for emphasis) then ‘taw’ is used for ‘that’. *mai is used in North Wales and the literary language, rather than ‘taw’.

Y/Yr       Dweud 'that' yn yr Amser Dyfodol a'r Amodol

Bydda i ’na                Falle (y) bydda i ’na
I’ll be there                Perhaps that I’ll be there

Byddai hi’n mynd      Dw i’n siwr (y) byddai hi’n mynd
She would go            I’m sure that she would go

Y/Yr       ‘that’ with future and conditional tenses

Bydda i ’na.                           Falle (y) bydda i ’na.
I’ll be there.                           Perhaps that I’ll be there.

Byddai hi’n mynd.                 Dw i’n siwr (y) byddai hi’n mynd.
She would go.                       I’m sure that she would go.

Bod     Dweud 'that' yn yr Amser Presennol a'r Amser Amherffaith

Mae hi’n hapus            Dw i’n credu (ei) bod hi’n hapus
She is happy               I think that she is happy

Roedd hi’n hapus        Dw i’n credu (ei) bod hi’n hapus
She was happy           I think that she was happy

Bod     ‘that’ with the present/imperfect tenses

Mae hi’n hapus.                     Dw i’n credu (ei) bod hi’n hapus.
She is happy.                         I think that she is happy.

Roedd hi’n hapus.                 Dw i’n credu (ei) bod hi’n hapus.
She was happy.                     I think that she was happy.

 


 

* Rhagor o Enghreifftiau / More Examples

1. Dw i’n mynd i'r sinema heno
I'm going to the cinema tonight

Dw i’n credu (fy) mod i’n mynd i'r sinema heno
I think (that) I am going to the cinema tonight

2. Rwy ti'n dal
You're tall

Mae'n dweud (dy) fod di'n dal
He says (that) you are tall

3. Mae hi'n dod i'r cyngerdd
She's coming to the concert

Dyn ni'n meddwl (ei) bod hi'n dod i'r cyngerdd
We think (that) she's coming to the concert

4. Mae e'n fachgen twp
He's a silly boy

Wrth gwrs (ei) fod e'n fachgen twp
Of course he's a silly boy

5. Dyn ni'n gallu mynd i'r ysgol
We can go to the school

Falle (ein) bod ni'n gallu mynd i'r ysgol
Perhaps we can go to the school

6. Dych chi'n garedig iawn
You are very kind

Mae'n ymddangos (eich) bod chi'n garedig iawn
It appears that you are very kind

7. Maen nhw'n rhedeg drwy's parc
They're running through the park

Dych chi wedi gweld (eu) bod nhw'n rhedeg drwy'r parc
You've seen (that) they're running through the park

8. Fi yw’r gwaetha'
I am the worst

Maen nhw'n dweud taw fi yw'r gwaetha
They say (that) I am the worst

9. Ni yw'r hyna' 'ma
We are the oldest

Dych chi'n credu taw ni yw'r hyna'?
Do you think (that) we are the oldest?

10. Chi yw’r mwya'
You are the biggest

Mae'n bosibl mai chi yw'r mwya'
It's possible (that) you are the biggest

11. Byddi di'n coginio brecwast yn y bore
You'll be cooking dinner in the morning

Wrth gwrs (y) byddi di'n coginio brecwast yn y bore
Of course you'll be cooking breakfast in the morning

12. Byddwn i'n dod i weld y plant
I would be coming to see the children

Mae e wedi addo (y) byddwn i'n dod i weld y plant
He's promised (that) I'd be coming to see the children

13. Byddan nhw'n chwarae yn yr ardd
They'll be playing in the garden

Falle (y) byddan nhw'n chwarae yn yr ardd
Perhaps (that) they'll be playing in the garden

14. Bydda fe'n gweithio fel lladd nadredd
He would work like crazy

Maen wir (y) byddai fe'n gweithio fel lladd nadredd
It's true (that) he'd work like crazy

15. Rwy ti'n canu yn y sioe heno
You're singing in the show tonight

Mae'n honni (dy) fod di'n canu yn y sioe heno
He claims (that) you are singing in the show tonight

16. Ro't ti'n canu yn y sioe ddoe
You were singing in the show yesterday

Mae'n honni (dy) fod di'n canu yn y sioe ddoe
He claims (that) you were singing in the show yesterday

17. Ro't ti'n osgoi pawb neithiwr
You were avoiding everyone last night

Roedd e'n honni (dy) fod osgoi pawb neithiwr
He was claiming (that) you were avoiding everyone last night

18. Ro't ti'n ofnus iawn ddoe
You were very frightened yesterday

Dywedodd e (dy) fod di'n ofnus iawn ddoe
He said (that) you were very frightened yesterday