Geiriadur i Dysgwyr

Geiriadur i Ddysgwyr: Ar-lein / Dictionary for Learners: Online

Yn Adnoddau/Dysgwyr

This reference guide contains over 1600 common words. To support those new to the language, the most common words also have a pronunciation guide. Under the English word is the Welsh word on the left, with the approximate pronunciation using English sounds to the right. The stressed sound is underlined. For a fuller explanation, click the ‘How to Use This Guide’ button below. Full credit for the content goes to Mark Stonelake.

How to Use This Guide

All | A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y
There are 93 names in this directory beginning with the letter T.
tags (grammatical)
cynffoneiriau, kunffon-eye-r-yeh

tail
cynffon, kunffon

take an interest in (to)
ymddiddori mewn

take out money
tynnu arian

take pictures (to)
tynnu lluniau, tunee llin-yeh

talented
dawnus, downiss

talkative
siaradus, sharadiss

tasty
blasus, blassiss

tear
rhwyg

temper
tymer

temperature (high - illness)/heat
gwres, gwrêss

tend to be
tueddol o fod

tender
tyner

tent
pabell (b), pah-bell

term/season
tymor, tuh-mor

test
prawf, prah-wv

text (to)
tecstio, tekss-toh

text message
neges decst/destun, negess desstin

than
na/nag, nah/nag

that (abstract)
hynny, hunee/'nee

that (one) feminine
honna, honnah

that (one) masculine
hwnna, hoonah

that (with emphatic clauses)
taw, tah-w

that's better
dyna welliant, 'nah well-yant

that's how he is
fel 'na mae e, vel 'nah my eh

thats how it goes
fel na mae hi

there
fanna, vannah

there (far away)
yno, unoh

there (nearby)
fanna

There's no two ways
Does dim dwywaith, Sdim doo-ee-weth

There's no two ways...
Does dim dwywaith

these
rhain (y)

these days
y dyddiau 'ma, uh dudd-yeh mah

they say (so)
meddan nhw/medden nhw, meddan/en nhoo

they would (be)
bydden nhw, budden nhoo

thief (thieves)
lleidr (lladron), ll-eye-dir

thieves
lladron

thinking (I was just thinking...)
meddwl (rhyw feddwl o'n i, rhee-oo veh-ddwl)

third (a)
traean

this (f)
hon

this (m)
hwn

this long time
ers lawer dydd, 'sslah-wehr deedd

this year
eleni, 'lennee

thorough
trylwyr, truh-l-wir

those
rheina (y)

thousand
mil (b), meel

threaten (to)
bygwth, bugooth

thrill
ias

throat
llwnc, lloonk

throughout
ledled

throw (to)
twlu/taflu

throw up/vomit (to)
chwydu, hoodee

thumb (to)
bodio

thunder/thunderclap
taran (b), tah-ran

tickle (to)
cosi

tie
tei, tie

tie (to)
clymu

tiger
teigr, tie-gur

tight
tynn, tin

tiny bit
mymryn

tired (adj.)
blinedig, bleenedig

tired out/really tired
blino’n lân (wedi blino…), bleenon lân

to the four corners earth
i bedwar ban byd

together (we)
(gy)da (ei)n gilydd, 'da'n geelidd

tongue
tafod, tah-vod

toothache
y ddannoedd, uh ddannodd

tortoise
crwban, krooban

torture
artaith

toss and turn (to)
troi a throsi

total
cyfanswm

tourist attraction
atyniad twristaidd, ahtunyad toorisstedd

towel
tywel, toh-wel

tower
tur, toor

traffic
traffig, traffig

trail
trywydd

train (to)
hyfforddi, hufforddee

traitor
bradwr, brah-door

transform (to)
trawsnewid

transport
trafnidiaeth (b)

treat equally (to)
trin yn gydradd

tribe
llwyth

trip
gwibdaith (b)

trip (to)
baglu

trip/excursion/outing
gwibdaith (b), gwib-die-th

trip/journey
taith (b), t-eye-th

trouble(s)
trafferth(ion), trah-ffeh-rth-yon

troublsome
stryffaglus

turning point
trobwynt

tweet (to)
trydar

twins
efeilliaid /gefeilliaid, eh-vie-ll-yon

twitterer
trydarwr

two floored
deulawr

type (to)
teipio, tie-poh


Pronunciation Guide

In Welsh words the stress usually falls on the last but one syllable (a syllable is a unit of sound). Putting stress on a syllable means lengthening the sound with more emphasis in the voice.

For example, people with a Welsh accent would pronounce the surname Meredith as Mer-ed-ith, with the last sound but one ‘ed’ stressed. People with an English accent would tend to put equal weight on all three syllables – Mer-ed-ith.

If the stress falls on the last syllable of a Welsh word it is usually marked by an accent e.g. carafán. There are very few words like this in Welsh.

Try saying these words: – canol – canolfan. The stress moves on each time a unit of sound or syllable is added.

Abbreviations used

(adj) adjective- a describing word
(b) benywaidd – feminine (noun)
(col) colloquial– a word used in one area of Wales
(au) ….(s) plurals e.g. shop(s) – siop(au)
adre(f) (f) not pronounced
{rhed} root/stem of the verb e.g. rhedeg {rhed-}
(t.ll.) treiglad llaes – the word causes an aspirate mutation
(t.t.) treiglad trwynol – the word causes a nasal mutation
(t.m.) treiglad meddal – the word causes a soft mutation
(adj.) adjective
….(to) verb e.g. talk (to) – to talk
(tag) tags are short questions that we put on the end of sentences such as ‘…isn’t it?’
N.W. a word used in North Wales
S.W. a word used in South Wales

Further resources

For a complete learner’s dictionary I recommend Heini Gruffudd’s Welsh Learner’s Dictionary, and for a comprehensive online dictionary go to Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru.

Y diweddaraf oddi wrth Adnoddau