Geiriadur i Dysgwyr

Geiriadur i Ddysgwyr: Ar-lein / Dictionary for Learners: Online

This reference guide contains over 1600 common words. To support those new to the language, the most common words also have a pronunciation guide. Under the English word is the Welsh word on the left, with the approximate pronunciation using English sounds to the right. The stressed sound is underlined. For a fuller explanation, click the ‘How to Use This Guide’ button below. Full credit for the content goes to Mark Stonelake.

How to Use This Guide

All | A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y
There are 74 names in this directory beginning with the letter R.
rabbit(s)
cwningen (b) (cwningod), koon-ing-en(kooningod)

race
ras (b), rah-ss

racism
hiliaeth (b)

racist
hiliol

raincoat
cot law (b), kott lah-w

rash/impetuous
byrbwyll, bur-boo-eell

rat
llygoden fawr (b), lluh-goden vah-wr

rather.../a bit...
braidd yn..., br-eye-dd un...

re-discover (to)
ailddarganfod

re-do (to)
ail-wneud

reach the top (to)
cyrraedd y brig

realise (to)
sylweddoli, sulweddolee

reason
rheswm

reason to believe
lle i gredu, lleh ee gredee

reasoning/logic
rhesymeg (b)

receipt (a)
derbynneb (b), dehrbuneb

reception
derbynfa (b), dehrbunvah

recitation piece
darn adrodd

recognise (to)
'nabod (ad)nabod), nah-bod

recycle (to)
ailgylchu

reduction
gostyngiad, gosstungyad

refuse (to)
gwrthod, goorthod

refuse to/won't (to)
pallu, pah-llee

regime
cyfundrefn(b)

register (to)
cofrestru, kov-ress-tree

regret (to)
difaru (e)difar(ha)u, dee-var-ee

regular
rheolaidd, rheh-ol-edd

regularly
rheolaidd (yn)

relations/relatives
perthnasau, perthnasseh

release/free (to)
rhyddhau, rheedd-high

religious
crefyddol

remainder
gweddill

remarkably well
rhyfeddol o dda, rhuh-veddol oh ddah

remind (to)
atgoffa

renovate/do up (to)
adnewyddu, adneh-wuddee

repair (to)
trwsio, troo-shoh

report (a)
adroddiad, ad-rodd-yad

report (to)
adrodd, ad-rodd

representative
cynrychiolydd

request/application
cais, k-eye-ss

research
ymchwil

researchers
ymchwilwyr

reserve (e.g. nature reserve)
gwarchodfa (b), gwah-rch-od-vah

reservoir
cronfaddur

resolution(s)
adduned(au) (b)

resource(s)
adnodd(au)

respect
parch, pah-rch

responsible
cyfrifol

restaurant
bwyty

restore (to)
adfer

retirement
ymddeoliad, um-ddeh-ol-yad

return (to)
dychwelyd

reveal (to)
datgelu

Reverend (The Rev.)
Parchedig (Y Parch.), Uh pah-rch-ed-ig

rhyme
odl

ride a horse (to) (verb)
marchogaeth, mah-rchogeth

riding (horse riding) (noun)
marchogaeth (b), mah-rchogeth

right
hawl (b)

rights
hawliau, hah-wlyeh

ring (a)
modrwy (b), modroo-ee

ring (to) (a bell/alarm)
canu, kanee

ritual
defod (b)

romantic meal
pryd rhamantus

Rome
Rhufain, Rhi-vine

roof
to, toh

rough(ly)/approximately
bras (yn fras)

roundabout (on a road)
cylchdro / cylchfan, kilchdroh / kilchvan

rubbish
ysbwriel / 'sbwriel, 'sboor-yel

rubbish (bad)
rwtsh

rubbish tip
tomen sbwriel(b)

rubbish/garbage
sbwriel (ysbwriel)

ruin(s)
adfail (adfeilion)

rural
gwledig

rust (to)
rhydu


Pronunciation Guide

In Welsh words the stress usually falls on the last but one syllable (a syllable is a unit of sound). Putting stress on a syllable means lengthening the sound with more emphasis in the voice.

For example, people with a Welsh accent would pronounce the surname Meredith as Mer-ed-ith, with the last sound but one ‘ed’ stressed. People with an English accent would tend to put equal weight on all three syllables – Mer-ed-ith.

If the stress falls on the last syllable of a Welsh word it is usually marked by an accent e.g. carafán. There are very few words like this in Welsh.

Try saying these words: – canol – canolfan. The stress moves on each time a unit of sound or syllable is added.

Abbreviations used

(adj) adjective- a describing word
(b) benywaidd – feminine (noun)
(col) colloquial– a word used in one area of Wales
(au) ….(s) plurals e.g. shop(s) – siop(au)
adre(f) (f) not pronounced
{rhed} root/stem of the verb e.g. rhedeg {rhed-}
(t.ll.) treiglad llaes – the word causes an aspirate mutation
(t.t.) treiglad trwynol – the word causes a nasal mutation
(t.m.) treiglad meddal – the word causes a soft mutation
(adj.) adjective
….(to) verb e.g. talk (to) – to talk
(tag) tags are short questions that we put on the end of sentences such as ‘…isn’t it?’
N.W. a word used in North Wales
S.W. a word used in South Wales

Further resources

For a complete learner’s dictionary I recommend Heini Gruffudd’s Welsh Learner’s Dictionary, and for a comprehensive online dictionary go to Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru.

Y diweddaraf oddi wrth Adnoddau