Geiriadur i Dysgwyr

Geiriadur i Ddysgwyr: Ar-lein / Dictionary for Learners: Online

Yn Adnoddau/Dysgwyr

This reference guide contains over 1600 common words. To support those new to the language, the most common words also have a pronunciation guide. Under the English word is the Welsh word on the left, with the approximate pronunciation using English sounds to the right. The stressed sound is underlined. For a fuller explanation, click the ‘How to Use This Guide’ button below. Full credit for the content goes to Mark Stonelake.

How to Use This Guide

All | A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y
There are 71 names in this directory beginning with the letter H.
hadn’t thought
heb feddwl, hêb veh-ddwl

hair (on the body)
blew

hairdresser's (shop)
siop trin gwallt (b), shop treen gwah-llt

hairdrier
sychwr gwallt, such-oor gwah-llt

hall
neuadd (b), n-eye-add

hallowed ground
tir cysegredig

hallway/passage
cyntedd, kuntedd

handcuffs
gefynnau, geh-vunneh

handkerchief
hances (b)

handle (to)
trafod

hangover
pen mawr, pen mah-wr

happen (to)
digwydd, dig-widd

hard - harder
caled - caletach, khaled

hardly ever
braidd byth, br-eye-dd bith

hardly mentionable
bondigrybwyll

harsh
llym

harsh/salty
hallt

hash tag
hash-nod

have to/must
gorfod/rhaid, gorvod/rh-eye-d

he said
meddai fe

head/chief/boss/principal
pennaeth, penneth

head/end/top
pen(nau), pen (penneh)

headquarters
pencadlys

health warning
rhybudd iechyd

hear, hear!
clywch, clywch!

heart attack (slang)
harten (b), harten

hedge(s)
perth(i) (b), peh-rth (peh-rthee)

helicopter
hofrennydd, hovrennidd

hellish/damned
diawledig, dee-ah-wledig

helping hand
help llaw, help llah-w

helpline
llinell gymorth (b), lleenell gumoh-rth

here
fan hyn/yma, van hin/mah

Here's me saying (Dwedais i - I said)
Dyma fi'n dweud, Dumah veen dweyed

hero
arwr

hide the truth (to)
celur gwir

high place
uchelfan

high tide
llanw uchel

high time…
hen bryd, hên breed

high/loud (higher/louder-highest/loudest)
uchel (uwch - ucha(f)), eechel

higher degree
gradd uwch (b)

higher/louder
uwch, eeoowch

hill
bryn, brin

hillock
bryncyn

hire (to)
llogi, llogee

historian
hanesydd

history
hanes, haness

hit (to)
bwrw, booroo

hold (an event) (to)
cynnal, kunnal

hold (to) (an object)
dal, dal

Holland/The Lowlands
Yr Iseldiroedd, Uhr Eesseldeerôdd

hollow
pant

home for the elderly
cartre' henoed/hen bobl, kartreh henoed

honorary
er anrhydedd

honour (to)
anrhydeddu

hoover (a)/vacuum cleaner
hwfr, hoovuhr

hoover (to)
hwfro, hoovroh

hopeless
anobeithiol, anoh-bye-thee-ol

horned
corniog

horse
ceffyl, keffil

horseshoe
pedol (b)

hour(s)
awr (b) (oriau), ah-wr (oryeh)

House of Commons
Twr Cyffredin

housework
gwaith tŷ, gw-eye-th tee

How + adj? (e.g. How tall?)
Pa mor? (t.m.), Pah moh-r? (Pa mor dal?)

How long?
Ers faint/pryd?, Ehrss vine-t/preed?

How on earth..?
Sut yn y byd mawr?, Should un uh beed?

however much/many
ta faint/faint bynnag, tah vine-t

hundred yards
canllath

hunt (to)
hela

hurt (to)
brifo/anafu, breevoh/navee

hygiene standards
safonau hylendid


Pronunciation Guide

In Welsh words the stress usually falls on the last but one syllable (a syllable is a unit of sound). Putting stress on a syllable means lengthening the sound with more emphasis in the voice.

For example, people with a Welsh accent would pronounce the surname Meredith as Mer-ed-ith, with the last sound but one ‘ed’ stressed. People with an English accent would tend to put equal weight on all three syllables – Mer-ed-ith.

If the stress falls on the last syllable of a Welsh word it is usually marked by an accent e.g. carafán. There are very few words like this in Welsh.

Try saying these words: – canol – canolfan. The stress moves on each time a unit of sound or syllable is added.

Abbreviations used

(adj) adjective- a describing word
(b) benywaidd – feminine (noun)
(col) colloquial– a word used in one area of Wales
(au) ….(s) plurals e.g. shop(s) – siop(au)
adre(f) (f) not pronounced
{rhed} root/stem of the verb e.g. rhedeg {rhed-}
(t.ll.) treiglad llaes – the word causes an aspirate mutation
(t.t.) treiglad trwynol – the word causes a nasal mutation
(t.m.) treiglad meddal – the word causes a soft mutation
(adj.) adjective
….(to) verb e.g. talk (to) – to talk
(tag) tags are short questions that we put on the end of sentences such as ‘…isn’t it?’
N.W. a word used in North Wales
S.W. a word used in South Wales

Further resources

For a complete learner’s dictionary I recommend Heini Gruffudd’s Welsh Learner’s Dictionary, and for a comprehensive online dictionary go to Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru.

Y diweddaraf oddi wrth Adnoddau