Geiriadur i Dysgwyr

Geiriadur i Ddysgwyr: Ar-lein / Dictionary for Learners: Online

Yn Adnoddau/Dysgwyr

This reference guide contains over 1600 common words. To support those new to the language, the most common words also have a pronunciation guide. Under the English word is the Welsh word on the left, with the approximate pronunciation using English sounds to the right. The stressed sound is underlined. For a fuller explanation, click the ‘How to Use This Guide’ button below. Full credit for the content goes to Mark Stonelake.

How to Use This Guide

All | A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y
There are 53 names in this directory beginning with the letter G.
gadget
teclyn

gain experience (to)
ennill profiad

gallery
oriel (b), or-yel

gallon
galwyn

gallop (to)
carlamu

gambol/prance (to)
prancio, prankyoh

gas
nwy

gate
gât (b) / clwyd (b), gah-t / kloo-eed

gate/gateway/portal
porth, poh-rth

generous
hael, high-l

genetic research
ymchwil genetig

genious
athrylith

geographical
daearyddol

geography
daearyddiaeth (b), die-ar-uddyeth

Germany
Yr Almaen, Uhr Almine

get a taste of (to)
cael blas ar

Get away (with you)!
Cer o 'ma!, Keh-r oh mah

get hold of (to)
cydio yn

ghost/spirit
ysbryd, uhssbrid

girl (col. S.W.)
croten(b)

glass of wine
gwydraid o win, gwidred oh ween

glove(s) / mitten(s)
maneg (b) (menig), maneg (menig)

gloves
menig

go to the wall
mynd i'r wal, mind eer wahl

goal
gôl (b), goal

God help us!
Duw a'n helpo!, Dee-oo an helpoh

good cause
achos da

goods/products
nwyddau, noo-eeddeh

goose
guydd

government
llywodraeth (b)

governor
llywodraethwr

grammar school
ysgol ramadeg (b)

grand/august/prestigious
mawreddog, mah-wr-eh-ddog

granddaughter
wyres (b), oo-eeress

grandson
uyr, oo-eer

grateful
diolchgar, dee-olchgah-r

grave(s)
bedd(au), bêdd (beddeh)

gravel
gro

graze/browse (to)
pori, porree

great respect for
parch mawr at

Greece
Gwlad Groeg, Gwlah-d Groyg

greedy
barus, bariss

greetings
cyfarchion

grieviously
enbyd (yn)

ground floor
llawr gwaelod

grow (to)
tyfu, tuh-vee

guard (to)
gwarchod

guess (to)
dyfalu, duh-valee

guest
gwestai, gwest-eye

guide
tywysydd

guilty
euog, eye-og

gun(s)/firearm(s)
dryll(iau), drill (drillyeh)

guts/entrails
perfedd


Pronunciation Guide

In Welsh words the stress usually falls on the last but one syllable (a syllable is a unit of sound). Putting stress on a syllable means lengthening the sound with more emphasis in the voice.

For example, people with a Welsh accent would pronounce the surname Meredith as Mer-ed-ith, with the last sound but one ‘ed’ stressed. People with an English accent would tend to put equal weight on all three syllables – Mer-ed-ith.

If the stress falls on the last syllable of a Welsh word it is usually marked by an accent e.g. carafán. There are very few words like this in Welsh.

Try saying these words: – canol – canolfan. The stress moves on each time a unit of sound or syllable is added.

Abbreviations used

(adj) adjective- a describing word
(b) benywaidd – feminine (noun)
(col) colloquial– a word used in one area of Wales
(au) ….(s) plurals e.g. shop(s) – siop(au)
adre(f) (f) not pronounced
{rhed} root/stem of the verb e.g. rhedeg {rhed-}
(t.ll.) treiglad llaes – the word causes an aspirate mutation
(t.t.) treiglad trwynol – the word causes a nasal mutation
(t.m.) treiglad meddal – the word causes a soft mutation
(adj.) adjective
….(to) verb e.g. talk (to) – to talk
(tag) tags are short questions that we put on the end of sentences such as ‘…isn’t it?’
N.W. a word used in North Wales
S.W. a word used in South Wales

Further resources

For a complete learner’s dictionary I recommend Heini Gruffudd’s Welsh Learner’s Dictionary, and for a comprehensive online dictionary go to Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru.

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