Geiriadur i Dysgwyr

Geiriadur i Ddysgwyr: Ar-lein / Dictionary for Learners: Online

Yn Adnoddau/Dysgwyr

This reference guide contains over 1600 common words. To support those new to the language, the most common words also have a pronunciation guide. Under the English word is the Welsh word on the left, with the approximate pronunciation using English sounds to the right. The stressed sound is underlined. For a fuller explanation, click the ‘How to Use This Guide’ button below. Full credit for the content goes to Mark Stonelake.

How to Use This Guide

All | A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y
There are 83 names in this directory beginning with the letter E.
each other (they)
ei gilydd, ee geelidd

each other (we)
ein gilydd, un geelidd

each other (you)
eich gilydd, uch geelidd

eagle eye
llygad barcud

ease (to)
lleddfu

Easter
Pasg (Y Pasg), Uh Pah-ssg

Easter holidays
gwyliau'r Pasg, gwil-yeh

eastern
dwyreiniol

easy - easier
hawdd - haws, hah-oodd - hah-ooss

ebb
trai

effect
effaith (b)

effort
ymdrech (b), umdreh-ch

either
chwaith (ychwaith), chw-eye-th

elaborate
cywrain

elbow
penelin, penelin

electrical
trydanol, truh-danol

electrical equipment
offer trydanol, offehr truh-danol

email
e-bost (b), eh-bosst

emails
e-byst

emigrant
ymfudwr

emigrate (to)
ymfudo

emphasis
pwyslais, poo-ee-ss-lice

empire
ymerodraeth (b), umerodreth

employer
cyflogwr

empty (to)
gwacáu / gwagio (Gog.), gac-eye / gwagyoh

encourage (to)
annog

ending (story/play/book)
diweddglo, dee-oo-eddgloh

ends of the earth
pen drawr byd

engaged (to get)
dyweddïo, duh-weh-ddee-oh

engagement
dyweddïad, duh-weh-ddee-ad

engine
peiriant

engineer
peiriannydd, pie-ree-an-idd

enquiries
ymholiadau, umholyadeh

entertainer
diddanwr

enthusiastic
brwdfrydig, broodvrudig

entrance
mynedfa (b), munedvah

entry
mynediad

envelope
amlen (b), amlen

equal
cyfartal

equipment
offer, off-ehr

escape
dihangfa (b)

escape (to)
dianc

escape from (to)
dianc rhag

especially
yn enwedig

especially good
arbennig o dda

establish (to)/to set up
sefydlu, sevudlee

estate
ystad

estate agent
asiant tai

eternity
tragwyddoldeb

Europe
Ewrop, Eh-wrop

even worse
gwaeth byth

evening of light entertainment
Noson Lawen

event
digwyddiad

ever/never (past/perfect)
erioed, eh-ryôd

ever/never (present/future)
byth, bith

evergreen
bytholwyrdd

every now and again
bob hyn a hyn, bôb hin ah hin

everyone/everybody (idiom)
pob copa walltog, pôb kopah wah-lltog

everywhere
pobman/ bobman, p/bobman

evidence
tystiolaeth (b), tusstyoleth

ex-girl/boyfriend
cyn-gariad, kin garyad

exactly
yn gymwys, un goomooss

exam
arholiad, ar-hol-yad

excavate (to)
cloddio

except that
ond bod, ond bôd

exception
eithriad

exciting
cyffrous, kyffroiss

exciting/turbulent/disturbing
cynhyrfus, kunhuh-rviss

excuse(s)
esgus(odion), essgiss (essgissodyon)

exist (to)
bodoli

existence
bodolaeth (b)

expensive (more expensive-most exp..)
drud (drutach - druta'), dreed-drittach-drittah

experience (to)
profi

experience(s)
profiad(au), provyad

experienced
profiadol

explode (to)
ffrwydro

export (to)
allforio

extend (to)
estyn, esstin

extreme
eithafol

extremely
tu hwnt

extremely (extremely good)
dros ben (da dros ben), dross ben

extremely (hellishly) (really expensive)
uffernol o (ddrud), iff-eh-rnol oh..

extremely angry
gwyllt gacwn


Pronunciation Guide

In Welsh words the stress usually falls on the last but one syllable (a syllable is a unit of sound). Putting stress on a syllable means lengthening the sound with more emphasis in the voice.

For example, people with a Welsh accent would pronounce the surname Meredith as Mer-ed-ith, with the last sound but one ‘ed’ stressed. People with an English accent would tend to put equal weight on all three syllables – Mer-ed-ith.

If the stress falls on the last syllable of a Welsh word it is usually marked by an accent e.g. carafán. There are very few words like this in Welsh.

Try saying these words: – canol – canolfan. The stress moves on each time a unit of sound or syllable is added.

Abbreviations used

(adj) adjective- a describing word
(b) benywaidd – feminine (noun)
(col) colloquial– a word used in one area of Wales
(au) ….(s) plurals e.g. shop(s) – siop(au)
adre(f) (f) not pronounced
{rhed} root/stem of the verb e.g. rhedeg {rhed-}
(t.ll.) treiglad llaes – the word causes an aspirate mutation
(t.t.) treiglad trwynol – the word causes a nasal mutation
(t.m.) treiglad meddal – the word causes a soft mutation
(adj.) adjective
….(to) verb e.g. talk (to) – to talk
(tag) tags are short questions that we put on the end of sentences such as ‘…isn’t it?’
N.W. a word used in North Wales
S.W. a word used in South Wales

Further resources

For a complete learner’s dictionary I recommend Heini Gruffudd’s Welsh Learner’s Dictionary, and for a comprehensive online dictionary go to Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru.