Geiriadur i Dysgwyr

Geiriadur i Ddysgwyr: Ar-lein / Dictionary for Learners: Online

This reference guide contains over 1600 common words. To support those new to the language, the most common words also have a pronunciation guide. Under the English word is the Welsh word on the left, with the approximate pronunciation using English sounds to the right. The stressed sound is underlined. For a fuller explanation, click the ‘How to Use This Guide’ button below. Full credit for the content goes to Mark Stonelake.

How to Use This Guide

All | A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y
There are 81 names in this directory beginning with the letter L.
labour (to)
llafurio

laces
lasys, lassiss

ladder/school
ysgol (b), uhssgol

lake
llyn, llin

lamb(s)
oen (ŵyn), ôn (oo-een)

landlord/innkeeper/publican
tafarnwr, tavah-rnoor

lane
lôn (b) loan

language
iaith (b), ee-eye-th

laptop
gliniadur, glin-yad-ir

last year
llynedd (y llynedd), lluh-neh-dd

late(ly)
diweddar (yn ddiweddar), un ddih-wedd-ahr

latest
diweddara(f), dih-wedd-arah

laugh (at) (to)
chwerthin (am ben), (ch)weh-rthin

laughable
chwerthinllyd

launch (to)
lansio, lanshoh

law
cyfraith (b)

lazy
diog, dee-og

lead (the metal)
plwm, plwm

lead (to)
arwain

leader
arweinwr/arweinydd

leaf (leaves)
deilen (b) (dail), die-len (die-l)

learner
dysgwr, dussgoor

Leave it there!
Gad hi fod!, Gahd hee vode!

lecture
darlith (b), dah-rlith

lecturer
darlithydd, dah-rlithidd

leek
cenhinen (b)

legal
cyfreithlon, kuv-rye-thlon

leisure centre
canolfan hamdden (b), kanolvan hamdden

lessen (to)
lleihau

let me know (comm.)
rho/rhowch wybod i fi, rhoh oobod ee vee

level
lefel (b), leh-vel

librarian
llyfrgellydd, lluvrgellidd

library
llyfrgell (b), lluvurgell

licence
trwydded (b), troo-ee-dded

lid/cover
clawr

lie
celwydd

lie down (to)
gorwedd, goh-rwedd

lifelong
gydol oes

light (to)
cynnau

light entertainment
adloniant ysgafn

lightning
mellt/lluched, meh-llt / llee-chedd

like best (to)
lico orau, likoh oreh

like hell (e.g. run like hell/the devil)
fel y diawl (rhedeg fel y diawl), vel uh jah-wl

like/alike
tebyg, teh-big

liquid
hylif

list
rhestr (b), rhessteh-r

listed building
adeilad rhestredig

listen attentively (to)
gwrando'n astud, gwrando'n asstid

literary treasures
trysorau llenyddol

literature
llenyddiaeth (b)

litre
litr, leetuh-r

little (a)
ychydig

little bit (a)
tamaid bach, tamed bach

live in style (to)
byw yn fras

living room
ystafell fyw (b), 'stavell vee-oo

Llyn Peninsular
Pen Llwn

loan(s)
benthyciad(au), benthukyad (eh)

local
lleol, lleh-ol

local authority
awdurdod lleol

local paper in Welsh
papur bro, pah-pir broh

location
lleoliad, lleh-ol-yad

lock
clo

lock out (to)
cloi ma’s, kloy mâss

locked
ar glo, ahr gloh

locked up
dan glo

long/wide/extensive
maith

look poorly
golwg wael (ar), goloog while (ahr)

look tired (to)
golwg flinedig ar

lord
arglwydd

lorry
lori (b), loree

lose (to)/to miss
colli, koh-llee

loss
colled (b), koh-lled

lost
ar goll, ahr goll

lot (by a)/much (e.g. much/ a lot older)
o lawer (henach o lawer), oh lah-weh-r

loud music
cerddoriaeth uchel (b)

lounge
lolfa (b), lolvah

low/bleat
bref (b)

low/bleat (to)
brefu, brevee

low/depressed (lower - lowest)
isel (is - isa(f), eessel-eess- eessah

lower
is, eess

lucky
lwcus, look-iss


Pronunciation Guide

In Welsh words the stress usually falls on the last but one syllable (a syllable is a unit of sound). Putting stress on a syllable means lengthening the sound with more emphasis in the voice.

For example, people with a Welsh accent would pronounce the surname Meredith as Mer-ed-ith, with the last sound but one ‘ed’ stressed. People with an English accent would tend to put equal weight on all three syllables – Mer-ed-ith.

If the stress falls on the last syllable of a Welsh word it is usually marked by an accent e.g. carafán. There are very few words like this in Welsh.

Try saying these words: – canol – canolfan. The stress moves on each time a unit of sound or syllable is added.

Abbreviations used

(adj) adjective- a describing word
(b) benywaidd – feminine (noun)
(col) colloquial– a word used in one area of Wales
(au) ….(s) plurals e.g. shop(s) – siop(au)
adre(f) (f) not pronounced
{rhed} root/stem of the verb e.g. rhedeg {rhed-}
(t.ll.) treiglad llaes – the word causes an aspirate mutation
(t.t.) treiglad trwynol – the word causes a nasal mutation
(t.m.) treiglad meddal – the word causes a soft mutation
(adj.) adjective
….(to) verb e.g. talk (to) – to talk
(tag) tags are short questions that we put on the end of sentences such as ‘…isn’t it?’
N.W. a word used in North Wales
S.W. a word used in South Wales

Further resources

For a complete learner’s dictionary I recommend Heini Gruffudd’s Welsh Learner’s Dictionary, and for a comprehensive online dictionary go to Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru.

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