Geiriadur i Dysgwyr

Geiriadur i Ddysgwyr: Ar-lein / Dictionary for Learners: Online

This reference guide contains over 1600 common words. To support those new to the language, the most common words also have a pronunciation guide. Under the English word is the Welsh word on the left, with the approximate pronunciation using English sounds to the right. The stressed sound is underlined. For a fuller explanation, click the ‘How to Use This Guide’ button below. Full credit for the content goes to Mark Stonelake.

How to Use This Guide

All | A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y
There are 67 names in this directory beginning with the letter I.
I was just thinking
rhyw feddwl o'n i, rhee-oo veh-ddwl

Iceland
Gwlad yr Iâ, Gwlah-d uhr Yah

Icelandic
Islandeg

identity
hunaniaeth, hinan-yeth

if (conditional)
pe

if I didn’t…
oni bai mod i…, onee bye môd ee…

if I were able to/could
'swn i'n gallu, 'sen een gallee

if I were you
'swn i yn dy le di, 'sen ee un duh leh

if I'd known
'swn i'n gwybod, 'sen een goobod

if it werent for
oni bai

if smokers were to
petai ysmygwyr yn

illuminate (to)
goleuo

image
delwedd (b)

imagine (to)
dychmygu

immoral
anfoesol

improvement
gwelliant, gweh-ll-yant

in
yn

in a hurry
ar hast /ar frys, ahr hasst

in a jiffy
chwap

in a quandry
mewn penbleth

in a way
mewn ffordd, meh-wn ffordd

in a while/presently
yn y man, un uh man

in case (lit. for fear)
rhag ofn, rhag ovon

in custody
dalfa (b) yn y ddalfa, un uh ddalvah

in front of
o flaen

in memory of
er cof am, ehr cove am

in order to
er mwyn, ehr moo-een

in places
mewn mannau

in preparation for
ar gyfer

in speech
ar lafar

in tears
yn ei dagrau

in the balance
yn y fantol

in the direction of
i gyfeiriad

in the end
pendraw (yn y)

including
gan gynnwys, gan gunoo-eess

incredible
anhygoel

indebted to
dyledus i

independence
annibyniaeth (b)

independent
annibynnol

industrial
diwydiannol

industry
diwydiant

ineligible
anghymwys

Influence (big)
dylanwad (mawr)

information
gwybodaeth (b), gwih-bodeth

inhabitants
trigolion

injection/jab
pigiad, pigyad

injure/hurt (to)
anafu, 'navee

innocent
diniwed

insect(s)
pryfyn (pryfed), pruvin

inspire (to)
ysbrydoli

instead of/in place of
yn lle, un lleh

intelligent
deallus, dee-alliss

intend (to)
bwriadu, bwryadee

interesting
diddorol, deeddorol

international
rhyngwladol, rhungwladol

internet
rhyngrwyd (b), rhungroo-eed

interpret (to)
dehongli

interval/break/intermission
egwyl (b), eg-oo-eel

investiture
arwisgiad

invitation
gwahoddiad, gwahodd-yad

iron (clothes)
haearn smwddio, hârn smwddoh

Isle of Man (The)
Ynys Manaw

it could have been
gallai fe fod wedi bod, galleh veh vôd…

It is good to look towards home
teg edrych tuag adref

it is then (e.g. three pints it is then)
amdani 'te, amdanee teh

It will do
gwnaiff y tro

item(s)/article(s)
eitem(au) (b), eye-tem (eye-temeh)


Pronunciation Guide

In Welsh words the stress usually falls on the last but one syllable (a syllable is a unit of sound). Putting stress on a syllable means lengthening the sound with more emphasis in the voice.

For example, people with a Welsh accent would pronounce the surname Meredith as Mer-ed-ith, with the last sound but one ‘ed’ stressed. People with an English accent would tend to put equal weight on all three syllables – Mer-ed-ith.

If the stress falls on the last syllable of a Welsh word it is usually marked by an accent e.g. carafán. There are very few words like this in Welsh.

Try saying these words: – canol – canolfan. The stress moves on each time a unit of sound or syllable is added.

Abbreviations used

(adj) adjective- a describing word
(b) benywaidd – feminine (noun)
(col) colloquial– a word used in one area of Wales
(au) ….(s) plurals e.g. shop(s) – siop(au)
adre(f) (f) not pronounced
{rhed} root/stem of the verb e.g. rhedeg {rhed-}
(t.ll.) treiglad llaes – the word causes an aspirate mutation
(t.t.) treiglad trwynol – the word causes a nasal mutation
(t.m.) treiglad meddal – the word causes a soft mutation
(adj.) adjective
….(to) verb e.g. talk (to) – to talk
(tag) tags are short questions that we put on the end of sentences such as ‘…isn’t it?’
N.W. a word used in North Wales
S.W. a word used in South Wales

Further resources

For a complete learner’s dictionary I recommend Heini Gruffudd’s Welsh Learner’s Dictionary, and for a comprehensive online dictionary go to Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru.

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